Courses and programs

Radiology pathology – Dysphagia and haematemesis


Welcome to Radiology pathology - Dysphagia and Haematemesis.

This online module  designed for Radiology trainees provides an overview of dysphagia and haematemesis and related pathology. It focuses on the correlation between clinical features, pathological changes and investigative abnormalities.

A certificate is issued on completion.


On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • list mechanical causes of dysphagia, including inflammatory conditions, other non-neoplastic strictures and malignancies
  • describe neuromuscular causes of dysphagia, emphasising achalasia, diffuse oesphageal spasm and scleroderma
  • outline the role of endoscopy and functional studies such as manometry in the investigation of oesophageal disease
  • describe predisposing factors and clinical features of malignant neoplasms of the oesophagus, with an emphasis on adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma
  • discuss the pathogenesis of important causes of acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage, including erosive gastritis, ruptured gastro-oesophageal varices, Mallory-Weiss tears and peptic ulcers.


This module is designed for Radiology trainees and may qualify for up to 0.5 hrs of Continuous Professional Development